Rocks and Minerals Activities Hands-On Science Investigation Lab

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Wrap up your rocks and minerals science unit with this hands-on investigation lab! Students complete 7 stations to test the properties of a rock and classify what type of rock they have. Perfect for grades 2-5 as a performance task or science centers.


  • Classifying Rocks anchor chart
  • Supplies needed list
  • Teacher instructions
  • 2 differentiated sets of stations
    • For primary use as booklets
    • For upper elementary use as centers with science notebooks
  • 7 hands-on stations for students to investigate properties of a rock
    • The weight station includes 3 options - measuring in oz, kg, or nonstandard form of measurement
  • A reflection station to determine what type of rock students think they have based on their findings
  • Station signs
  • Most pages are black and white, but those that come in color also have an ink-saving version included


  • Describe the characteristics of different rocks.
  • Identify basic properties of minerals and rocks.
  • Observe rocks using a magnifying glass and draw shapes and colors of the minerals.


  • Rocks (one for each student)
  • A postal, food, or balance scale
  • String
  • Colored pencils or crayons
  • Tape
  • Glue
  • Nails (4)
  • Pennies (4)
  • Large bowl with water
  • Sandpaper cut into small squares
  • Copy paper cut into small squares
  • Wax paper cut into small squares
  • Aluminum foil cut into small squares
  • Magnifying glasses


  • PDF: This resource requires Adobe Reader (free software). The contents may not show correctly if using other PDF software.

Please ask ALL questions before purchasing.

© The Learning Effect, LLC | Tiffany Schmidt
All rights reserved by author.
Permission to copy for single classroom use only.
Please purchase additional licenses at a discounted rate for additional users.
Intended for classroom and personal use only.

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